The international prize is named after a renowned doctor and researcher from Erlangen, Jakob Herz, the first Jew to be appointed a professor in the Kingdom of Bavaria by King Ludwig II in 1869. At that time, Jakob Herz was a leading teacher of pathology, anatomy and surgery, and is considered the founding father of surgical anatomy. He died on September 27, 1871 after dedicating his life to caring for his patients. This prize is awarded by the Faculty of Medicine in Erlangen and the Medical Research Foundation at Universitätsklinikum Erlangen in recognition of outstanding academic achievements of scientists from the whole spectrum of theoretical and clinical medicine. Prize winners receive 10,000 euros, a certificate and a portrait of Jakob Herz.